Day 1 – Royalty and the ‘Line of Kings’

Changing the Guard at Horse Guards  

Start your visit by seeing the ‘Changing of The Queen’s Life Guard’ on Horse Guards Parade in central London – daily at 11am (and 10am on Sundays). It lasts around 30 mins. Although not as well known as Changing the Guard at Buckingham Palace, the crowds are much smaller, there are no railings (between you and the guards) and the photo opportunities are therefore second to none!

‘The Queen’s Life Guard’ is mounted on immaculately groomed horses. Steel breastplates shinning in the sun, it presents a stirring sight. See these men of the ‘Household Cavalry’ – a squadron of mounted Life Guards (red tunics and white plumed helmets) and a squadron of mounted Blues and Royals (blue tunics and red plumed helmets).
Life Guards have stood guard at Horse Guards (the official entrance to St James and Buckingham Palace) since the Restoration of King Charles II in 1660.

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Changing of the Guard

Read more about Horse Guards

Read about the pelicans in nearby St James’s park

Tower Bridge, London
Tower Bridge, London

Tower Bridge  

One of the most photographed bridges in the world! Built in 1894 to provide shipping access into the ‘Pool of London’, its medieval Gothic (to blend with the adjacent Tower of London) makes it look much older. Underneath the ornate stonework is a framework of steel! Drive or walk across the bridge to experience its full grandeur.

The Tower of London
The Tower of London

Tower of London  

The Tower of London is the most historic castle in England. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078. It was a resented symbol of oppression. The castle has been a fortification, royal palace, prison and a gunpowder store! And it’s still home to the Crown Jewels – a dazzling multi-million pound collection of gold and diamonds created by Charles 2nd upon the restoration of the monarchy.

The Tower of London
The Tower of London

Expansions happened under Kings Richard the Lionheart, Henry III and Edward I. From the early 14th century until the reign of Charles II, a procession would be led from the Tower to Westminster Abbey on the coronation of a monarch – along today’s Cheapside (old English for ‘shopside’) in the City of London.

See the rooms where Elizabeth I, Sir Walter Raleigh, Thomas Cranmer and Sir Thomas Moore were imprisoned. See the location where Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard ended their days.

Read about the footsteps of William Penn and John Quincy Adams – near the Tower!

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